Common Signs of Dyslexia


Helpful information about learning brought to you by Reading Rockets, Colorín Colorado, and LD OnLine

Common Signs of Dyslexia

Reading problems can be tough on the whole family. If your child is struggling, the first thing to do is to find out why. Dyslexia is the most common cause of reading, writing and spelling difficulties. It’s a learning disability that can affect both boys and girls and is more common in children whose parents also had difficulty with reading and writing. Children with dyslexia can go on to become successful readers, but it’s important to get extra help early!

If these signs remind you of your child, talk with your child’s teacher to see what extra help the school can offer. If difficulties persist, talk to the principal about getting a free evaluation for your child. Adapted from ABC’s of Dyslexia. (2000). International Dyslexia Association.


Preschool • May talk later than most children • May have difficulty pronouncing words • May be slow to add new vocabulary words • May be unable to recall the right word • May have difficulty with rhyming • May have trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, days of the week, colors, or shapes • May have trouble learning how to write his or her name • May be unable to follow multi-step directions or routines • May have difficulty telling and/or retelling a story in the correct sequence ■

Kindergartenthroughfourthgrade • Often has difficulty separating sounds in words and blending sounds to make words • May be slow to learn the connection between letters and sounds • May confuse small words— at/to, said/and, does/goes • Makes consistent reading and spelling errors • May have trouble remembering facts • May be slow to learn new skills; relies heavily on memorizing without understanding • May be impulsive and prone to accidents • May have difficulty planning • Often uses an awkward pencil grip • May have trouble learning to tell time

For more information on common signs of dyslexia, visit Visit our sister sites, and, for more information about learning. Reading Rockets, Colorín Colorado, and LD OnLine are services of public television station WETA, Washington, D.C. Reading Rockets is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs. Colorín Colorado, a web service to help English language learners become better readers, receives major funding from the American Federation of Teachers. Additional funding is provided by the National Institute for Literacy and the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs. LD OnLine is the world’s leading website on learning disabilities and ADHD, with major funding from Lindamood-Bell Learning Processes.



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